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It is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of urinary system in male as well as the female and the genitalia of the male. Urinary tract and reproductive tract are in close proximity, hence symptoms and diseases of both the systems affect each other. 

Treatment options include surgical as well as non-surgical approaches, and are usually chosen depending the type and severity of the disease.


It is a medical specialty concerned with the urinary system in both male and female patients and the genital organs in the male. Urological disorders are diseases affecting kidneys and urinary tract which are lying in lower abdomen area.

The kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra, as well as the male reproductive organs, including the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, and penis constitute the urinary tract.

Urology is closely related to oncology, nephrology, gynaecology, colorectal surgery, gastroenterology and endocrinology. 


 Urological disorders found in men are




  • Urinary tract infection
  • Stone diseases in the kidney
  • Diagnosis, treatment of infertility in men
  • Vomiting during sleep at night
  • Stone in urinary tract
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Blood in semen
  • Penile curvature            
  • Hardness in penis
  • Urinary arrest
  • Blood from urine
  • Penis diseases
  • Swelling in the foreskin
  • Growth in testicle bag
  •  Testicular tumors
  • The presence of cysts or tumors in the kidney and other excretory organs
  • Urinary incontinence and bladder control disorders
  •  Penile discharge
  •  Prostate cancer 
  • Chronic kidney disease
  •  Foul smelling liquid from the penis,
  • Prostatitis and other prostate diseases
  •  Urinary incontinence( loss of control of bladder )
  • Penile injury
  •  Benign prostatic hypertrophy
  • Penis not hardening 
  • Loss of sexual desire
  • Premature Ejaculation
  • Late ejaculation
  • Urinary tract stenosis
  • Urinary diseases
  • Sand or stone in urine
  • Urinary bladder problems
  • Frequent urination
  • Urine hole in the wrong place 
  • Urethral disorders
  • Disorders of male reproductive organs Testes, prostate gland, penis etc  presence of tumor in urinary tract
  • Testicular torsion
  • The emergence of genital warts
  • Difficulty during voiding
  • Faulty circumcision
  • Low number of sperm
  • Pain in the testicle
  • Having a penis fracture
  • Acute or chronic hydrocele
  • Varicocele 
  • Vesicoureteral reflux disease
  •  Premature ejaculation
  •  Presence of epididymal cysts
  •  Erectile dysfunction and  Penis break 
  • Acute renal failure
  • Addison’s disease 

Signs and symptoms associated with urological disorders

  • Dysuria (Pain and burning sensation when urinating i.e. peeing)
  • Interrupted urination 
  • Bad smell in urine
  • Sand or stone found in Urine 
  • Pain in groin 
  • Hematuria (blood in urine)
  • Pain when having sexual intercourse, 
  • Difficulty in urination, 
  • Excessive light or dark color of urine
  •  Urinary incontinence
  • Need , urge to urinate frequently

Treatment of Urological disorders includes surgical as well as medical treatment modalities. Surgical modalities include open surgical techniques as well as minimally invasive techniques which includes laparoscopic surgery and laser surgeries. 

Treatment options are indicated depending upon the type of disease, its severity as well as prognosis