Dentistry deals with all kinds of diseases of teeth and supporting tooth structures. Dental treatments aim to alleviate pain, restore function, structure, and aesthetics. Dentistry is the branch of science that deals with the diagnosis, prevention, the treatment of diseases and disorders as well as conditions of the oral cavity.
A dental filling is a treatment modality, which is done when the tooth has been irreversibly decayed by caries. Hence after the caries removal that part has been excavated or missing tooth structure is replaced by a dental material to restore function and form of the tooth. These dental materials are of two types; tooth-colored and non-tooth. Tooth-colored materials are composite, GIC, porcelain. The non-tooth-colored filling material is an amalgam.
Due to the advancements in technology, Lasers are being used in both medical as well as dental field. In dentistry, Lasers are used in minimally invasive surgical approaches such as gingivectomy, gingival depigmentation, and laser-assisted implants. Benefits of LASER assisted procedures are reduced chair side-time, better and early healing. LASER assisted procedures are routine procedures in the best dental clinics in India.
An implant is a screw-shaped metal structure that is used to replace a natural tooth. In a single implant protocol, its advantage is that the affected single tooth space can be replaced with an implant without affecting the surrounding teeth. However, an implant can be used to gain support for multi-unit bridges to cover multi edentulous spaces. Dental implants are similar in many ways to natural teeth. Implants can also be used to fix the fractured jaw surgically.
Scaling and Root planning
In this procedure deposits on the tooth surface are removed, which can cause infection and compromise aesthetics.
It is a surgical procedure used to treat periodontitis (a gum disease) sign and symptoms of periodontitis are bleeding from the gums, mobility of teeth, foul odor, bone loss and ultimately tooth loss. In this treatment protocol (Flap surgery) infected pocket lining (gum tissue) is removed and with a bone graft or non-bone graft techniques, and is aimed to restore tooth-supporting material.
To cover edentulous spaces the conventional approach is that of a denture. It is of three types, complete dentures (CD), Removable dentures (RPD) and Fixed partial dentures (FPD).
However there has been advent in the materials of these dentures such as Flexi dentures, they are biocompatible, highly elastic and soft materials.
A complete denture is used to cover the edentulous space of the whole mouth.
RPD is a removable partial denture that is used to cover partially edentulous jaw.
FPD is the replacement of multi or single edentulous spaces via fixed tooth-colored structures by reducing already existing tooth structures (a procedure known as tooth preparation or tooth cutting.)
Single tooth FPD is known as crown and multi-tooth FPD is known as a bridge.
Full Mouth Rehabilitation
It is carried to rehabilitate the full arch of the mouth of a patient. It provides a complete solution for multiple dental problems. The treatment is suggested to structure, function, and aesthetics.
Gingival enlargement is a gum disease that results in enlargement of gums, which in turn leads to a formation of pseudo pockets in the gums and results in an increase in spacing, attachment loss, foul odor, and tooth loss. A gingivectomy is a surgical treatment that helps to treat gingival enlargement. It removes diseased enlarged gingival tissue.
Root Canal Treatment (RCT)
The root canal procedure is removing the dental pulp and reshaping of dental canals in case of irreversible decay which has affected the nerves. If the decay has reached up to the dental nerves then it is known as irreversible decay, and this is an indication of RCT.
Teeth whitening/ bleaching
The process of lightening the teeth by removing discoloration and the stains are known as dental bleaching or teeth whitening. It is of two types: vital dental bleaching and non-vital dental bleaching. These types are further of two types in-office bleach (material is applied on teeth in the dental clinic) and at home bleach (gel and tray are given to the patient to wear at home usually overnight).
Tooth Contouring and Reshaping
Tooth reshaping and contouring are dental procedures done to treat chipped teeth, slightly maligned and cracked teeth.
Dental porcelain laminates, tooth veneers or porcelain veneers are paper-thin coverings of tooth-colored materials These materials are used to cover discolored teeth affected by diseases such as fluorosis, tetracycline, etc. In addition to improving the aesthetics, it improves profile too.
Digital Orthopantamograph (OPG) - This digital X-ray technology is used to take an image of all hard tissues such as the jaws, teeth, maxillary sinus. Its advantage is that it reduces the exposure of the patient to radiation in comparison to IOPA (single intraoral periapical radiograph)
Digital Radio-videography (RVG) - It is the X-ray technology based on charged coupled sensors that capture the image and reproduces on a screen (computer).
CAD/CAM - This is a computerized technology that helps in the fabrication of dental restorations and crowns in a more precise and quick way.