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Guide to Kidney Cancer Cause Symptoms Treatment

Kidneys are bean-shaped organs about the size of your fist located at each side of your spine, behind your abdominal organs. Kidney cancer begins in the kidneys in adults.

The renal cell carries carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer and accounts for about 90% of the cancerous tumors. There are other less common types of kidney cancer also that can occur.

Wilms’ tumor is a kind of disease most commonly young children are prone to develop. Nowadays, many kidney cancer treatments in India are available to cure all kinds of kidney cancer.

Since the use of computerized tomography (CT) scans have increased in today’s time, kidney cancer cases seem to have been on a hike.

These tests may also lead to accidental discoveries of other kidney cancers. Mostly kidney cancer is diagnosed at an early stage when the size of the tumor is small and the area is infected is confined to the kidney which makes it easier to treat them.

Symptoms of Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer may not show any signs initially and currently, there are no specific tests available to diagnose kidney cancer in the absence of symptoms. In its later stages, kidney cancer symptoms may include:

In case you observe any of these signs consistently and persistently, make an appointment with your doctor before it gets too late to pick the best kidney cancer treatment in India.

Your age, overall health, medical history, the anatomy of your kidney collection system and the grade and stage of your tumor are the key factors depending on which your doctor will suggest you with the appropriate kidney cancer treatment in India for you.

If your kidney cancer is diagnosed at an initial stage, the chances of surgical cure increase. Overall, the type of treatment depends on these two factors.

  1. Aggression level of cancer cells – Disease at its low stage is less aggressive and has a lower chance of spreading to adjacent organs. Whereas, high-grade diseases are more aggressive with a higher chance of spreading.
  2. Reach of the tumor – The chances for cure increase if the tumor has not involved nearby lymph nodes or other tissues. In such a case, additional treatments may not be required.

If cancer has spread already, your doctor will advise you additional kidney cancer treatment in India himself.

Sometimes, no treatment may be recommended but you may have to have regular follow up visits and asked to take care of symptoms. If the kidney tumor is not cancerous yet, the patient cannot tolerate the treatment, the patient is likely to pass away due to other causes, the patient doesn’t want the treatment; then this type of kidney treatment in India may be chosen for him. This treatment spares the remaining kidney that is unaffected and destroys the tumor either with extreme heat or cold. Typically, this is done through a laparoscopy or a surgery is done using a needle puncture under CT guidance. A surgeon’s main aim is to save as much part of the kidney as possible which makes surgery the very first step to remove and treat a kidney tumor. A person can live with a partial or one kidney working without too much trouble and incase both kidneys are extracted or unable to function, dialysis may be required. As the removal of both kidneys leads to dirty blood in the patient’s body dialysis is a machine used outside the body to clean the blood.

Nephrectomy is the most commonly used kidney cancer treatment in India. The type of surgery offered to you will depend on the tumor's stage grade, location and your surgeon’s advice. These are of four types:

Some options may also include:

Targeted therapy incorporates the usage of drugs that can kill kidney cancer cells in the body itself. Through this treatment, the growth of new blood vessels stops and blockage of proteins occurs which the cancer cells need to survive. This treatment is advised for advanced-stage kidney cancer treatments in India. This therapy has shown a positive result in shrinking kidney tumors or slowing down their growth.

Immunotherapy is a kind of therapy used to boost, direct, or restore our natural defenses against kidney cancer. The main drug used in this kind of treatment is Cytokine. Cytokines have proven out to shrink kidney tumors in a small percentage of patients. Another cancer treatment in India available is chemotherapy which uses very powerful drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells. However, kidney cancer cells are found to be resistant to chemotherapy in many cases.

So, this is not a standard treatment for this kind of disease. Chemotherapy may only be used if immunotherapy or specific drugs fail to work. Before choosing chemotherapy, it is necessary to discuss with your medical professional the side-effects of this kidney cancer treatment in India.

When radiation therapy is used to cure kidney cancer, its main motive is not to completely cure it but help relieve its symptoms.

When the infection has spread beyond the kidneys, this kidney treatment in India is advised. It uses high energy radiation to shrink tumors present in nearby organs or wounds. Since the spread can be very painful, this treatment can help ease a lot of pain. Radiation therapy can be used individually or in combination with other therapies.

For some patients, clinical trials may be the best treatment. Taking part in clinical research for a new drug to test its effectiveness and safety can be a good procedure. They may help you test treatments to prevent cancer or relieve their symptoms. The motive of these studies is to find the right treatment strategies that work best for specific illnesses of certain groups of people.
These trials follow strict scientific measures to protect their patients and produce reliable study results. Talk with your doctor if you can qualify for a clinical trial and do not forget to learn about the risks and benefits of the treatment you are willing to study.
 

Function of Kidney

The main function of kidneys is to filter out waste from the blood and make urine. They also help to control your blood pressure and make sure you have enough red blood cells present in your body. Renal Cell Carcinoma is the medical term used for kidney cancer and is a condition where cells start multiplying in both the kidneys and get out of control forming a tumor that crowds out healthy cells. This kind of cancer is one of the ten most common types found in both men and women. Most people diagnosed with kidney cancer age from 50 to 70 years. Men are 2 to 3 times more prone to get it than women and if you are an African American, you may also have higher chances of getting it than other groups. This disease can run through families and generations. Genetic problems like von Hippel – Lindau disease, kidney diseases or high blood pressure can also raise your chances of kidney cancer.

Small tumors may not show any noticeable signs in the start but larger ones can lead to some problems like blood in your pee, lump on your side or lower back, the feeling of constant tiredness, Inevitable weight loss, fever, pain in the lower back, etc.

If your doctor thinks you may be suffering from kidney cancer and require some kind of kidney cancer treatment in India, he’ll start your treatment with urinalysis which is a test of your urine for blood or cancer cells. He may also perform a complete blood count to make sure you have a healthy number of WBC’s, RBC’s and platelets or a blood test to check the current performance level of your kidneys. People suffering from kidney cancer often suffer from anemia – a state where you have insufficient red blood cells in your body.

To get a better look at your kidneys, your doctor may perform one of the following procedures:

  1. Ultrasound: Through this process, a black and white image of the kidneys is shown on a computer screen.
  2. Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan: In a CT Scan, X-rays from different angles are brought together to give a better and more complete picture.
  3. Magnetic Imaging Resonance (MRI Scan): In an MRI, magnetic and radio waves offer a more detailed image of the kidneys.
  4. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Scan: In a PET Scan, radiation makes 3-D color images.

With kidney cancers, biopsies are rarely advised and are done in very rare and urgent situations. Your doctor will be the one to decide if you need a biopsy and in case you need one, a tiny sample from your tumor will be extracted with a needle for testing. This is to make sure if you have cancer or not.

Kidney cancer can be grade I, II, III or IV – where grade IV cancer cells look way worse than normal ones and their multiplication is fastest. Once your stage is diagnosed, your doctor will tell you the intensity of your cancer spread and accordingly advise you with the appropriate kidney cancer treatment in India available for you. Kidney cancer treatment cost in India can sometimes be high for complex surgeries and treatments.

 

Therapy for Kidney Cancer Treatment

Targeted therapy incorporates the usage of drugs that can kill kidney cancer cells in the body itself. Through this treatment, the growth of new blood vessels stops and blockage of proteins occurs which the cancer cells need to survive. This treatment is advised for advanced-stage kidney cancer treatments in India. This therapy has shown a positive result in shrinking kidney tumors or slowing down their growth.

Immunotherapy is a kind of therapy used to boost, direct, or restore our natural defenses against kidney cancer. The main drug used in this kind of treatment is Cytokine. Cytokines have proven out to shrink kidney tumors in a small percentage of patients. Another cancer treatment in India available is chemotherapy which uses very powerful drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells. However, kidney cancer cells are found to be resistant to chemotherapy in many cases.

When radiation therapy is used to cure kidney cancer, its main motive is not to completely cure it but help relieve its symptoms.
When the infection has spread beyond the kidneys, this kidney treatment in India is advised. It uses high energy radiation to shrink tumors present in nearby organs or wounds. Since the spread can be very painful, this treatment can help ease a lot of pain. Radiation therapy can be used individually or in combination with other therapies.

For some patients, clinical trials may be the best treatment. Taking part in clinical research for a new drug to test its effectiveness and safety can be a good procedure. They may help you test treatments to prevent cancer or relieve their symptoms. The motive of these studies is to find the right treatment strategies that work best for specific illnesses of certain groups of people. During these trials, strict medical procedures are followed to obtain satisfactory and proper results. Before getting a clinical trial, you need to talk with your medical professional and give a test which you need to qualify to join any clinical trial.

Most people can lead a normal life with only one functioning kidney. Even when the remaining kidney is not 100% functional, people can live a steady and normal life. Dialysis may not be required. Additional treatment is not required if the cancerous tumor is properly removed. If cancer has metastasized, you may need to go for further treatment once you have recovered from your previous surgery. At the last need to transplant the kidney. Want to know the kidney transplant cost in India?

Conclusion:-

There are still no proven ways to prevent cancer from returning. However, if you focus on avoiding risks, you may lower the chances of its return. For example, quitting smoking can be very helpful. It is also extremely important to follow up with your doctor regularly. Treating problems like high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, and obesity, can also prevent future kidney damage after the surgery. The speed of your recovery depends on your type of treatment. A treatment involving least injury to the body will lead to quicker recovery but the best treatment is the one that offers the best long-term outcome. Even if you lose one kidney, you should be able to enjoy a good quality of life. Though, after treatment, you will need to continue regular check-ups to keep an eye for regrowth of cancer. After the treatment, the same tests performed to diagnose cancer will be performed again by your doctor to check if any cancer cells are present in the body. These visits and tests continue for at least a year after the surgery.

 

 

Top Doctors For Kidney Cancer Treatment in India

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  • Dr. S Hukku

    Oncologist

    35 years of experience , New Delhi

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